Best 500 Modern Inidan History & Freedom Struggle Question (MCQs)

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1.Simon Commission had visited India during the times of which among the following Viceroys?

[A] Lord Irwin
[B] Lord Chelmsford
[C] Lord Willingdon
[D] Lord Wood

Correct Answer: A [Lord Irwin]
On April 3, 1926 Lord Irwin was appointed 30th Viceroy and Governor-General of India. In 1927, British government appointed a commission under the chairmanship of Sir John Simon. The Commission was appointed to study the reforms of 1919 and suggest further measures for Constitutional reforms. The Commission had no Indian member in it. The Indians boycotted this all-White commission.
2.Who among the following had drafted the fundamental rights resolution at the Karachi Session, 1931?

[A] Jawaharlal Nehru
[B] Acharya Narendra Deo
[C] Subhash Chandra Bose
[D] Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Correct Answer: A [Jawaharlal Nehru]
The Congress met at Karachi in March 1931 to endorse the Gandhi-Irwin or the Delhi Pact.It was presided over by Sardar Patel. This session became memorable for its resolution on the Fundamental Rights and the National Economic Programs.In short , It set the parameters of the Swaraj was reflecting the then dominant leftwing ting of the national movements.It was drafted by the Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
3.The Battle of Chillianwalla was a part of?

[A] Anglo-Maratha Wars
[B] Anglo-Carnatic Wars
[C] Anglo-French Wars
[D] Anglo-Sikh Wars

Correct Answer: D [Anglo-Sikh Wars ]
Battle of Chillianwalla was fought on 13 January 1849 during the Second Anglo-Sikh War. Sikhs fought British in this battle under Shersingh.
4.Le Corbusier was the architect of which city among the following?

[A] New Delhi
[B] Chandigarh
[C] Mumbai
[D] Jaipur

Correct Answer: B [Chandigarh]
The best-known architect recruited to the efforts of creating a new India was one of the founders of modernism in architecture, the Swiss Le Corbusier. The showpiece of his genius is Chandigarh, built as the capital of Punjab and Haryana. Outside Chandigarh, Le Corbusier’s most influential structures include:

  • Sarabhai House, Ahamadabad
  • Millowner’s Association Building, Ahmedabad.
  • Interstate Bus Terminal, New Delhi

Permanent Exhibition Hall of Prāgati Maidan, New Delhi

5.Which of the following Sikh Guru collected all the work of the previous Gurus and dictated it in the form of verses ?

[A] Guru Har Govind
[B] Guru Har Kishan
[C] Guru Arjun Dev
[D] Guru Gobind

Correct Answer: C [Guru Arjun Dev]

Guru Arjan Dev was born in 15 April 1563. He collected all the work of the previous Gurus and dictated it in the form of verses. He was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. He was asked to change his religion to Islam. He denied and for this reason he was executed in 1606 CE. The name of his son was Guru Hargobind.
6.Which of the following Governor Generals was impeached for charges of corruption?

[A] Earl Cornwallis
[B] Warren Hastings
[C] Lord Mayo
[D] Lord Minto

Correct Answer: B [Warren Hastings]
Warren Hastings was impeached in the House of Commons for crimes and misdemeanors during his Governor Generalship in India. He was charrged with embezzlement, extortion, and judicial killing of Maharaja Nandakumar. He was replaces by Cornwallis.
7.Which among the following date in world history is known as D-day, a date also known as of Operation Neptune and Operation Overlord ?

[A] 3 March 1943
[B] 6 March 1943
[C] 6 June 1944
[D] 6 June 1945

Correct Answer: C [6 June 1944]
8.Who among the following is known to purchase Kashmir from the East India Company for a payment of 7,500,000 rupees (75 lakh) and was granted the title Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir (by Treaty of Amritsar) ?

[A] Sher Singh
[B] Duleep singh
[C] Gulab Singh
[D] Lal Singh

Correct Answer: C [Gulab Singh]
Jammu and Kashmir was a princely state during the British East India Company rule. It was created after the First Anglo-Sikh War and sold the region to the Raja of Jammu, Gulab Singh, for 7,500,000 and he was granted the title Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir (by Treaty of Amritsar).
9.Who started first Marathi newspaper Bombay Darpan in 1832?

[A] Jagannath Sheth
[B] Vishnu Shastri Bapat
[C] Krishna Shahstri Chaplunkar
[D] Balashastri Jambhekar

Correct Answer: D [Balashastri Jambhekar]

Balashastri Jambhekar is widely considered to be the first journalist and editor in Marathi Language. He started a weekly Bombay Darpan in 1832 and Digdarshan in 1840, the former being the first Marathi newspaper. His many works include the books in history & math for children.
10.The first British ‘Presidency’ in India was established at :

[A] Surat
[B] Madras
[C] Bengal
[D] Bombay

Correct Answer: A [Surat]
The first Presidency of British East India Company was established at Surat, India. The other Presidency of the Company at that time in the east were at Bantam in Java