Best 500 ancient history MCQ Test 2

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1.In which of the following Buddhist Councils , the compilation of Dhamma Pitaka and Sutta Pitaka took Place?

[A] 1st
[B] 2nd
[C] 3rd
[D] 4th

Correct Answer: A [1st]
First Buddhist Council in 483 at Satparni caves near Rajgriha
2.Ashtadhyayi, Mahabhasya & Nirkuta are related to which of the following?

[A] Music
[B] Grammar
[C] Philosophy
[D] Music

Correct Answer: B [Grammar]
Ashtadhyayi is a sanskrit treatise on grammar. It was written in the 6th to 5th century bce by the Indian grammarian Panini.
The Mahābhāsya is attributed to Patañjali, is a commentary on selected rules of Sanskrit grammar from Paṇini’s treatise. It is dated to the 2nd century BCE.
Nirukta means “explained, interpreted” and refers to one of the six ancient Vedangas. Nirukta covers etymology, and is the study concerned with correct interpretation of Sanskrit words in the Vedas.
3.The Kadamba Dynasty was founded by whom among the following?

[A] Ishwarsena
[B] Jayasimha
[C] Mayursharman
[D] Krishanraja

Correct Answer: C [Mayursharman]
The Kadambas were an ancient royal family of Karnataka, India, that ruled northern Karnataka and the Konkan from Banavasi in present-day Uttara Kannada district. It is founded by Mayursharman.

4.With reference to the Trikaya doctrine, consider the following statements:

  1. Trikaya doctrine is one of the basic concept in Hinayana tradition of Buddhism
  2. Trikaya doctrine was largely developed by Yogacara School

4.Which among the above statements is / are correct?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: B [Only 2]
Trikayas Doctrine says that Buddha has three kayas or bodies, the nirmanakaya or created body which manifests in time and space; the sambhogakaya or body of enjoyment which is a body of bliss or clear light manifestation; and the Dharmakaya or Truth body which embodies the very principle of enlightenment and knows no limits or boundaries. The later development of Mahayan Buddhism adopted this theory. The Yogacarins are credited with the development of Trikaya Doctrine. The theory was formulated in answer to a paradox which confronted Mahayana Buddhism. Whereas the truc ideal of early Buddhism was the arahant, this was replaced in the Mahayana by the bodhisattva. Yet if this was the true ideal, why did Siddhartha Gautama not become a bodhisattva, rather man a Buddha who selfishly passed away at parinirvana? This objection was addressed in the Yogacarins’ concept of the Trikaya. They said that Gautama was not in fact an ordinary man, but the manifestation o f a great spirituaJ being. The Buddha had three bodies -the Body of Essence (dharmakaya), the Body of Bliss (sambhogakaya), and the Body of Magic Transformation (ninnanakaya).
5.Consider the following statements:
1. Both Mitakshara and Dayabhaga are ancient Indian legal texts
2. Both Jimutvahana and Vijnaneshwara were prominent Jurists of ancient India
Which among the above is / are correct statements?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Correct Answer: C [Both 1 & 2]
In this question, both statements are correct. Mitakshara is a legal commentary on the Yajnavalkya Smriti by Vijnaneshwara. This treatise is best known for theory of “inheritance by birth.” Vijnaneshwara was a prominent jurist and scholar in the court of Western Chalukyas. We note here that both Mitakshara and Dayabhaga are considered main authorities on Hindu Law from the time the British began administering laws in India. Dayabhaga was magnum opus of Jimutvahana, a scholar of medieval times.

6.Which among the following was / were the religious symbols / iconography of Indus people?

  1. Primitive temples
  2. Seals
  3. Statues
  4. Terracotta figurines
  5. Amulets

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1, 2 & 3
[B] Only 2, 3 & 4
[C] Only 2, 3, 4 & 5
[D] 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5

Correct Answer: C [Only 2, 3, 4 & 5]
There were no temples in the Indus Valley. Rest of the options are correct.
7.During the early Vedic period, which of the following priests served as presiding priest during ritual sacrifices?

[A] Hotr
[B] adhvaryu
[C] Udgatr
[D] Brahmin

Correct Answer: A [ Hotr]
hotr was the presiding priest, with perhaps only the adhvaryu as his assistant in the earliest time.
18.Who among the following is considered to be the earliest divine power for Aryans?

[A] Brahma
[B] Prajapati
[C] Dyaus
[D] Shiva

Correct Answer: C [Dyaus]
Dyu or Dyaus is the name of the sky that shines, and is the most ancient name for the divine power among the Aryans. It is the same word as the Zeus of the Greeks and the Jupiter of the Latins, the Tiu of the Saxons and the Zio of the Germans, and the name of the Deity among modern nations. Dyaus was referred as Dyaus Pitr, which later became Ju-piter. It was coupled with prithvi and the two Dyaus- Prithvi are the universal parents.
9.The Srauta Sutra, Grihya Sutra, Dharma Sutra and Sulba Sutra are the parts of which among the following Vedangas?

[A] Vyakarana
[B] Kalpa
[C] Nirkuta
[D] Shiksha

Correct Answer: B [Kalpa]
There are six Angas or explanatory limbs, to the Vedas: the Siksha and Vyakarana of Panini, the Chhandas of Pingalacharya, the Nirukta of Yaska, the Jyotisha of Garga, and the Kalpas (Srauta, Grihya, Dharma and Sulba) belonging to the authorship of various Rishis. Siksha is a knowledge of phonetics. Siksha deals with pronunciation and accent. The text of the Vedas is arranged in various forms or Pathas. The Pada-patha gives each word its separate form. The Krama-patha connects the word in pairs. Vyakarana is Sanskrit grammar. Panini’s books are most famous. Without knowledge of Vyakarana, you cannot understand the Vedas. Chhandas is metre dealing with prosody. Nirukta is philology or etymology. Jyotisha is astronomy and astrology. It deals with the movements of the heavenly bodies, planets, etc., and their influence in human affairs. Kalpa is the method of ritual. The Srauta Sutras which explain the ritual of sacrifices belong to Kalpa. The sulba Sutras, which treat of the measurements which are necessary for laying out the sacrificial areas, also belong to Kalpa. The Grihya Sutras which concern domestic life, and the Dharma Sutras which deal with ethics, customs and laws, also belong to Kalpa
10.Utnur is an important Neolithic site located in which state?

[A] Telangana
[B] Karnataka
[C] Kerala
[D] Tamil Nadu

Correct Answer: A [ Telangana ]
Utnur is an important Neolithic site located in Adilabad district of Telangana. Ash-mounds, which mystified archeologists, have been discovered at UtnurNote that Ash mounds are also found in Pallavoy (Andhra Pradesh), Kupgal (Karnataka) and Kodekal (Karnataka)