BEST 500 MODERN Indian History  (MCQs) for UPSC, SSC and States PCS Examinations

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1.The Ancestors of Maharaja Ranjit Singh were from which among the following Misals?

[A] The Karora Singh Misal
[B] The Shahid and Nishang Misal
[C] The Phulikian Misal
[D] The Shukarchakia Misal

Correct Answer: D [The Shukarchakia Misal]
In 1767, the Sikhs declared independence in the area located between Rawalpindi and Yamuna river. But they failed to set up any united province in Punjab. That is why they got separated into 12 Misls i.e., Phulkian Misl, Ahluwalia Misl, Bhangi Misl, Kanheya Misl, Ramgarhia Misl, Singhpuria Misl, Panjgarhia Misl, Nishanwalia Misl, Sukerchakia Misl, Dallewalia Misl, Nakai Misl, Shaheedan Misl. The Ancestors of Maharaja Ranjit Singh were from Sukerchakia Misl. Ranjit Singh was the last Misldar and he established an independent kingdom in Punjab.
2.Who among the following shared the similar ideology?

[A] Gopal Krishna Gokhle and Bal Gangadhar Tilak
[B] Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Dada Bhai Naoroji
[C] Chitranjan Das and Moti Lal Nehru
[D] Subhash Chandra Bose and Dr.Pattabhi Sitaramayya

Correct Answer: C [Chitranjan Das and Moti Lal Nehru]

After the failure of non-cooperation movement and events like the Government of India act 1919 and the elections of 1923, the Swaraj Party was founded by Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru. They both had a similar ideology and a similar point of view.
3.Kandaghat, a heritage railway station made entirely of wood and built by the British in 1903 was destroyed in the fire.In which state this Railway Station was located ?

[A] Gujarat
[B] Maharastra
[C] Himachal Pradesh
[D] Jammu & Kashmir

Correct Answer: C [Himachal Pradesh]
In 1903, Kandaghat railway station was constructed by the British entirely of wood. It is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh (Solan district).
4.“NEW LAMPS FOR OLD” was written by?

[A] Bipin Chandra Pal
[B] Aurobindo Ghosh
[C] Bal Gangadhar Tilak
[D] Ashwani Kumar

Correct Answer: B [Aurobindo Ghosh]
Rishi Aurobindo was a philosopher, yogi, guru, poet, and nationalist of India. He studied Indian Civil Service at King’s College, England. New Lamps for Old was written by him and published in 1893. He citicized the Moderate politics through a series of articles.
5.Who among the following was popularly known as the ‘Frontier Gandhi’?

[A] Hasrat Mohani
[B] Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
[C] Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
[D] Iqbal Khan

Correct Answer: C [Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan]

6.Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a political and spiritual leader. He was also a supporter of nonviolent opposition like Gandhiji. He was popularly known as the “Frontier Gandhi”. He was the leader of the Red Shirt Movement.
16.Kadam Singh led the revolt of 1857 in which of the following areas of modern states?

[A] Sikar, Rajasthan
[B] Meerut, Uttar Pradesh
[C] Mahendragarh, Haryana
[D] Dehradun, Uttarakhand

Correct Answer: B [Meerut, Uttar Pradesh ]
7.Kadam Singh was a Gurjar leader who fought against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 in Meerut region and declared himself as Raja of Parikshitgarh and Mawana.
17.In which year Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose founded Forward block?

[A] 1932
[B] 1935
[C] 1937
[D] 1939

Correct Answer: D [1939]
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose resigned from Indian National Congress Presidentship on April 29,1939 and formed All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) in Calcutta in the same year. The first All India Conference of Forward bloc was held in 1940 at Nagpur, where Subhash Chandra Bose gave a concrete plan of action for winning Puma Swaraj or complete freedom in the immediate future.
8.What was the official language of the Cholas administration ?

[A] Tamil
[B] Telugu
[C] Malayalam
[D] Kannada

Correct Answer: A [Tamil]
Tamil was the official language of the Cholas administration.
9.Which among the following were brought under the provincial governments as per the Montgomery-Chelmsford Constitutional Reforms of 1919?

  1. Public health and sanitation
  2. Vital statistics
  3. Local Self Government

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Correct Answer: D [ 1, 2 & 3 ]
The Government of India no longer issued any instruction to Provincial Governments and each provincial Government was allowed to develop local self governing institutions according to provincial needs and requirements. It led to the transfer of public health, sanitation, and vital statistics to the provinces. This was first step in the decentralization of health administration in India.
10.In many ways, the Permanent Settlement of Lord Cornwallis was helpful for the East India Company. Which among the following was / were such merits?

  1. The collection of revenue became certain and regular for the company
  2. It had flexibility of Sale or the Sunset Law
  3. It enhanced the company revenue substantially

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 1 & 2
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Correct Answer: A [ Only 1]

Merits and Demerits of Permanent Settlement of Lord Cornwallis Merits

  1. It secured British dominion in India.
  2. Collection of Revenue became certain and regular.
  3. It facilitated the method of collection of land revenue.
  4. Expenses of frequent assessment of land revenue were saved.
  5. It gave inducement to the agricultural improvement.
  6. Increase of trade industry and commerce.
  7. In accordance with the Canons of Taxation.
  8. There was a possibility of Increase in the Government income. (But this did not happen)
  9. It freed Company Officers to devote their time to other works.
  10. It gave popularity and economic stability to the British Government.
  11. Value of land increased.


  1. It over looked the interests of the poor peasants.
  2. It placed the cultivators on the mercy of the Zamindars.
  3. The rigidity of the Sale or the Sunset law unpopularised it.
  4. The Government could not enhance the amount of Land Revenue.
  5. The Zamindars made no improvements in the land.
  6. It created absentee land lords.
  7. It was uneconomic and defective.